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🏛My Father, Against the Background of the Expulsion from Haifa on April 22nd, 1948

Details in the painting:

Abed Abdi at age 6, hiding behind his sisters.

British soldier on the rooftop overseeing orderly expulsion of Palestinians of Haifa.

Abed Abdi’s mother, wondering what to do after the decision of Abed’s father not to leave Haifa with the crowds.

TechniqueAcrylic on mazonite
Size126 x 97 cm
Location🏛Amos Schocken collection / Israel
CatalogueCatalogued in Abed Abdi, 50 Years of Creation

أبي ، على خلفية نكبة حيفا في 22 نيسان 1948

يسجل العمل من ذاكرتي الشخصية نكبة سكان حيفا العرب ، حيث سارع الناس بمن فيهم أنا وأمي وجدي وأخواتي إلى البوابة رقم 3 في ميناء حيفا حيث تجمع الآلاف من سكان المدينة. الشخصية البارزة هي شخصية والدي قاسم عابدي الذي ولد في حيفا وبقي في حيفا ولم يغادر المدينة عندما أفرغت المدينة من سكانها الفلسطينيين بعد أحداث عام 1948 تجدر الإشارة إلى أننا بقينا في مخيمات اللاجئين في لبنان وسوريا وبعد 3 سنوات عدنا إلى مدينة حيفا كجزء من لم شمل الأسرة بفضل رفض والدي مغادرة حيفا. العمل هو تكريم لوالدي 1899-1992 العمل جزء من مجموعة عاموس شوكين.

אבי, על רקע הגירוש מחיפה ב-22 באפריל 1948

העבודה מתעדת מזכרוני האישי את העזיה ההמונית של תושבי חיפה הערבים וביניהם אנוכי אימי וסבי ואחיותיי אל שער מספר 3 בנמל חיפה אשר בו הסתופפו רבבות מתושבי העיר. הדמות הבולטת המצוירת היא של אבי קאסם עאבדי, שנולד בחיפה ואשר נשאר בחיפה ולא עזב את העיר כשהעיר התרוכנה מתושביה הפלסטינים בעקבות המאורעות ב1948 יש לציין ששהינו במחנות הפליטים בלבנון וסוריה וכעבור 3 שנים חזרנו לעיר חיפה במסגרת איחוד משפחות הודות לסירוב אבי לעזיבת חיפה. העבודה היא הומאז' לאבי 1899-1992 העבודה היא חלק מהאוסף של עמוס שוקן.

My Father, Against the Background of the Expulsion from Haifa on April 22nd, 1948 (Version 1)

“The Battle of Haifa, called by the Jewish forces Operation Bi’ur Hametz (Hebrew: מבצע ביעור חמץ‎ “Passover Cleaning“), was a Haganah operation carried out on 21–22 April 1948 and was a major event in the final stages of the civil war in Palestine, leading up to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

The objective of the operation was the capture of the Arab neighborhoods of Haifa.”

source: Wikipedia

“Maklef, who would become the third Israeli chief of staff, orchestrated the operation and gave orders to his troops in the Palestinian neighbourhoods (which, according to official Israeli records, were already empty of the Palestinians who had “left voluntarily”).

The Hagana Archives recorded: “When the bombardment of the neighbourhoods is concluded, troops will attack fiercely and aggressively and kill every Arab they meet. I am sending you flammable devices as well. You should burn every flammable object. I am sending you sappers with kits for breaking into houses” (3).

Adherence to these orders within the small area in which thousands of Palestinians lived produced panic. Without leadership, without any proper defence or any agency responsible for law and order (the British army’s responsibility), the people began a massive exodus; an instinctive, hasty departure, leaving personal and household possessions behind.

The masses surged towards the port, hoping to find a ship that would take them away from the city. The moment they left, their houses were pillaged.

By 22 April the streets near the port were jammed with desperate people looking for refuge and safety”

source: Ilan Pappé, Haifa: planned death of a city – Palestine’s past remembered , Zochrot Website


“Later, a series of laws passed by the first Israeli government prevented Arabs who had left from returning to their homes or claiming their property.

They and many of their descendants remain refugees.[13][14]

The expulsion of the Palestinians has since been described by some historians as ethnic cleansing,[15][16][17] while others dispute this charge.”[18][19][20]

source: Wikipedia